Fort Bridger waybill ledger

Fort Bridger waybill ledger

Dates: 1863

Waybills Ledger collection, 1863 includes one (1) bound journal with a leather cover; 4 ½ x 7 inches; 30 pages. The front cover is labeled, “Mail passing Bridger, August 20, 1863; Fort Bridger, San Francisco. On the first page, the ledger is further titled, “Copies of Way Bills. The ledger covers August 11, 1863-October 14, 1863. A waybill is a receipt given by a mail carrier to the shipper acknowledging receipt of the goods and specifying the shipment details, route, and charges. Most of these features are included in this ledger, with the exception that charges and fees were only occasionally mentioned. This mail carrier transported goods and escorted people to various cities between California and Kansas, while Fort Bridger served as his headquarters.

  • Extent: 1 folder (0.01 linear ft.)
  • Call Number: MSS 3830
  • Repository: L. Tom Perry Special Collections; 19th Century Western & Mormon Manuscripts; 1130 Harold B. Lee Library; Brigham Young University; Provo, Utah 84602; http://sc.lib.byu.edu/
  • Access Restrictions: Open for public research.
Languages and Scripts
English
Arrangement
The front cover of the Waybills Ledger is dated August 20, 1863. However, the ledger contains copies of waybills dating back to August 11, 1863. Although the creator of the ledger entitled it “Way Bills",the Standard English spelling is waybills.
Conditions of Use
It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain any necessary copyright clearances. Permission to publish material from the Fort Bridger waybill ledger must be obtained from the Supervisor of Reference Services and/or the Special Collections Board of Curators.
Preferred Citation
Initial Citation: MSS 3830; Fort Bridger waybill ledger; 19th Century Western and Mormon Manuscripts; L. Tom Perry Special Collections, Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University. Following Citations: MSS 3830, LTPSC.
Custodial History
Purchased.
Acquisition Information
Purchased.
Other Finding Aids
Folder-level inventory available online. http://files.lib.byu.edu/ead/XML/MSS3830.xml
Subject Terms
United States. Army--History--19th century; Artifacts; Fort Bridger State Historic Site (Fort Bridger, Wyo.)--History; Fort Kearny (Neb.)--History; Material Types; Pony express stations--Wyoming--History; Pony express--History--19th century; Stagecoach lines--History; Stagecoach stations--Wyoming--History
Genre / Form
Account books
Processing Information
Processed; John M. Murphy, Curator and Lindsay Larson, 19th Century Manuscripts Processor ; 2007.
Appraisal Information
19th Century Western and Mormon Manuscripts.
Finding Aid ID Number
UPB_MSS3830
Finding Aid Title
Fort Bridger waybill ledger
Finding Aid Author
Finding aid prepared by Benjamin Sipes
Finding Aid Creator
This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit 2013-10-29T13:57-0600
Finding Aid Language
English
Sponsor
Library Services and Technology Act (LSTA) grant, 2007-2008
Biographical Info:

Historical Note

Fort Bridger was established by mountain man Jim Bridger in 1843. It originally served as a trading post for emigrants traveling the Oregon Trail. However, when alternate routes were discovered, the fort was largely abandoned. In 1853, Bridger sold the fort to the Mormons, who burned it during the Utah War in 1857, following conflicts with the federal government.

In 1862, the U.S. Army occupied Fort Bridger, using it as a headquarters from which to combat Indian raids. During the Civil War, soldiers stationed in the West were charged with the important role of protecting the overland mail routes, which often supplied silver to finance the Union efforts. Fort Bridger continued as an active military post into the 1880s, as well as serving as Pony Express and Overland Stage outposts.

It is probable that Robert Schiller was the creator of this ledger; however, that assumption is not independently verifiable. Although it is not clear who employed the creator of this ledger, the waybills indicate that many of his passengers were military officers. A waybill is a receipt given by a mail carrier to the shipper acknowledging receipt of the goods and specifying the shipment details, route, and charges. This mail carrier transported goods and escorted people to various cities between California and Kansas, while Fort Bridger served as his headquarters.



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Ryan Lee
Curator - 19th Century Western & Mormon Manuscripts
ryan_lee@byu.edu