Newel Kimball Whitney papers

Newel Kimball Whitney papers

Dates: 1817-1910, 1957

Collection contains correspondence, financial and legal documents, church records, military records, manuscript revelations, poetry, journals, and other material by Whitney and his family. The records document the ecclesiastical functions, political activities, and finances of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints when it was headquartered in Ohio, Missouri, Illinois, and Utah. The bulk of the material is from the Illinois Era (1839-1846), with papers relating to the steamship Maid of Iowa, the Nauvoo Temple, and other structures in Nauvoo, Illinois. Also included are records of the Nauvoo Legion (later also called the Utah Militia) and the Mormon Battalion. Among the most important items in the collection are the only extant manuscript copies of more than twenty revelations of Joseph Smith, all but two of which have been published in the Doctrine and Covenants.

  • Extent: 8 boxes (4 linear ft.)
  • Creator: Whitney, Newel Kimball, 1795-1850
  • Call Number: Vault MSS 76
  • Repository: L. Tom Perry Special Collections; 19th Century Western & Mormon Manuscripts; 1130 Harold B. Lee Library; Brigham Young University; Provo, Utah 84602;
  • Access Restrictions: Condition restricted; permission to use original materials must be obtained from the Supervisor of Reference Services. Patrons should use microfilm copies.
Languages and Scripts
Alternative Format
Available on microfilm in repository.
Conditions of Use
It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain any necessary copyright clearances. Permission to publish material from Newel Kimball Whitney papers must be obtained from the Supervisor of Reference Services and/or the L. Tom Perry Special Collections Board of Curators.
Preferred Citation
Initial citation: Vault MSS 76; Newel Kimball Whitney papers; 19th Century Western & Mormon Manuscripts; L. Tom Perry Special Collections, Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University. Following citations: Vault MSS 76, LTPSC.
Custodial History
The materials of the Whitney Collection were acquired by the Harold B. Lee Library between the years 1969 and 1974, from Mrs. Claire C. Groo, Barbara Groo Hansen, and R. Whitney Groo, Jr. Chad Flake, Special Collections Librarian, was the Lee Library official most significantly involved in getting the collection placed at Brigham Young University, although others also contributed in securing these valuable materials. Some documents (both personal and church-related) were preserved through the years by Newel Kimball Whitney in his files. Others appear to have been gathered by him from other sources. Family tradition holds that sometime between 1846 and 1848 Bishop Whitney returned to Nauvoo on a short visit and there gathered documents related to the Latter-day Saints which he took with him to the West. Sometime after the death of Bishop Whitney, the papers came into the possession of his daughter, Mary Jane, who had married Isaac Groo. Thereafter, the materials were preserved by the Groo family, and documents related to Isaac Groo and others were added to the collection. Some materials, however, were apparently separated from the main body of the collection. A few of these items have been acquired from Rulon Brown of Wells, Nevada, and added to the collection. There is no way of knowing at this date whether the collection contains all the documents which Bishop Whitney had originally in his possession.
Acquisition Information
Donated; Groo family; 1969-1974.
Separated Material
Copies of Mormon scriptural and historical works, some manuscript materials, and other articles were removed from the collection at the time of its accession. A list of these items is available in the repository.
Other Finding Aids
File-level inventory available online.
Subject Terms
Religion; Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints; Mormon Church; Mormons; Whitney family; Whitney, Newel Kimball, 1795-1850--Archives
Genre / Form
Military records; Legal documents; Diaries; Church records and registers; Financial records; Letters
Appraisal Information
19th Century Western and Mormon Manuscripts.
Finding Aid ID Number
Finding Aid Title
Whitney (Newel Kimball) papers
Finding Aid Author
Jennifer Kim
Finding Aid Creator
This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on 2017-10-13 11:27:53 -0600.
Finding Aid Language
Biographical Info:

Biographical History

Newel Kimball Whitney (1795-1850) was a American merchant, pioneer, and ecclesiastical leader. He served as the second general bishop of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (1831-1850).

Newel Kimball Whitney was born on February 5, 1795 at Marlborough, Windham County, Vermont to Samuel and Susanna Kimball Whitney. Whitney joined the Church in Ohio in 1830, and was a personal friend of Joseph Smith (1805-1844) who founded that faith. He also served as associate justice and treasurer of the provincial state of Deseret (later Utah) in 1849. He married seven times; his wives included Elizabeth Ann Smith (1800-1882, m. 1822), Ann Houston (1821-1848, m. 1846), Elizabeth Almira Pond (1827-1899, m. 1846), Abigail Augusta Pond (m. 1846), Olive M. Bishop (1807-1852, m. 1846), Elizabeth Moore (1826-1858, m. 1846), Henrietta Keyes (1821-1901, m. 1846), and Emmeline Blanche Woodward (1828-1921, m. 1849). Whitney died on September 3, 1850 in Salt Lake City, Utah.

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Ryan Lee
Curator - 19th Century Western & Mormon Manuscripts